Roast and ground coffee refers to the coffee we are most familiar
with, which is coffee in its whole bean form or coffee that
has already been ground. Roast and ground is the most prevalent
coffee in the Canadian marketplace, with instant coffee being
the other major form of coffee that is sold.
A plain cup of brewed coffee has zero fat and only a couple
of calories. It is what you add to your daily cup (milk, cream,
sugar) that will make a difference in its fat, sugar and calorie
Half & Half
Coffee does have a number of trace minerals
(Thiamin, Niacin, Folate, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Manganese)
and is a good source of Potassium, Pantothenic Acid and Riboflavin.
A 6 ounce cup of brewed coffee may contain 2 to 4 milligrams
of Sodium… however most of the sodium content comes from the
water used to brew the coffee.
Instant coffee is a highly convenient coffee
beverage derived from the same coffee beans as roast and ground
coffee Through various sophisticated manufacturing processes
the coffee is dehydrated into the form of either powder or
granules. Instant coffee contains the same elements as roast
and ground with slightly lower caffeine levels per cup. However,
instant coffee has been found to contain higher levels of
Instant coffee contains the same trace calories
as roast and ground. Many instant coffee beverages frequently
contain added dairy and sweeteners that allow for the "instant"
making of flavoured and sweetened coffee options. For nutritional
information on these beverages look to the nutrition facts
table on the products label.
Decaffeination offers an alternative to those consumers who
are caffeine-sensitive or wish to keep enjoying coffee during
the day free from the affects of caffeine.
Coffee is decaffeinated by removing 97% or more of the naturally
existing caffeine from the green beans before roasting.
The principals that are utilized to decaffeinate
coffee are similar, with variances occurring between manufacturers,
depending on the decaffeination agent and manufacturing process
that is employed. The following briefly outlines the process:
- green beans are soaked or steamed in water;
- beans are then exposed to a decaffeination agent which extracts
the caffeine from the bean;
- beans are removed from the caffeine-rich solution;
- in some cases, the caffeine is removed from the solution
through a filtering system;
- the caffeine-free solution may be reintroduced to the beans
to add back the flavour which has - been inadvertently extracted;
- decaffeinated beans are then dried and are ready for roasting.
The following agents are utilized in the decaffeination of
Though consumers should make their own choices about which
type of decaffeination process meets their expectations all
types of decaffeinated coffee are absolutely safe in terms
of exposure to the chemicals, if any, used in the process.
The term "naturally decaffeinated" refers to the
decaffeination agent that is used. Currently, water, coffee
oil and carbon dioxide are decaffeination agents, which are
considered to be part of a natural process under Canadian
It is impossible to remove all the caffeine from green coffee
beans, as it is a natural component. Health Canada established
regulations, which stipulate maximum amounts of caffeine permitted
in decaffeinated instant and decaffeinated roast and ground
Specifically, decaffeinated roast and ground
coffee cannot contain more than 0.1% residual caffeine and
decaffeinated instant coffee cannot contain more than 0.3%
residual caffeine. The guidelines ensure that consumers of
decaffeinated coffee are free from the effects of caffeine.
Both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee
contains similar antioxidant levels.
Source: Health Canada
of Caffeine (approx. values)
(unless otherwise stated)
Roasted and ground, percolated
Roasted and ground, filter drip
Roasted and ground, decaffeinated
76 - 106
leaf or bag
Cola beverage, regular
36 - 46
Cola beverage, diet
39 - 50
1 envelope hot-cocoa mix
Candy, milk chocolate
Candy, sweet chocolate
There are a number of variables that contribute to the amount
of caffeine and caloric/fat intake when it comes to the different
coffee beverages (hot and cold) available at the retail or
grocery level. This often depends on the type/size of drink
you choose. Nutritional information on these beverages is
usually available from the source (i.e. retailer/manufacturer)
Some concerns have been raised regarding pesticides and other
agricultural chemicals used in coffee growing. However as
the coffee bean is contained within the coffee cherry natural
processes mean very little if any agro-chemicals reach the
bean. These insignificant residues, if present, in the green
coffee are removed by the later stages of coffee processing..
There is agreement among most experts that the chemicals used
in non-organic coffee growing burn off during the roasting
process and that virtually zero traces of these chemicals
The real issue for consumers looking at organic coffee options
should not be about personal exposure to chemicals. Organic
options should be seen as related to personal expectations
regarding the environment and social impacts of technical
agricultural practices in countries producing coffee.
Espresso is any coffee that is brewed quickly under pressure
to create a concentrated, flavorful, and heavy-bodied cup.
The espresso machine uses steam and water for a deeper, more
intense flavor. In general, espresso actually has less caffeine
than regular drip filtered coffee because of the smaller serving
and the quick extraction. However, the exact amount of caffeine
depends on the preparation technique used and the final size
of the beverage.
Freshly roasted coffee beans are combined with a liquid or
solid flavoring (vanilla, etc.), which are then released during
the brewing process. These flavorings do not add a significant
number of additional calories when compared to an unflavoured
(plain) cup of coffee - approximately 3-4 more calories per
6 ounce cup.
Powdered (instant) flavored coffees contain nondairy creamers
that contain hydrogenated oils and other sweeteners that increase
the calories and fat when compared with a regular cup of coffee.
Flavoured coffees are available at the grocery store and through
retail establishments. Flavoured coffees are frequently created
to simulate the taste of coffee with a liqueur but despite
this apparent taste they do not contain alcohol.